A brief overview about Assam

Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra river and Barak Valley. It is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata and “Kamapura” in Medieval times, Assam has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. Assam is the gateway to the north eastern part of India. Assam is surrounded by the other northeastern states: Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya. Assam along with these 6 states, together called the “seven sisters”. These states are connected to the rest of India via Assam’s border with West Bengal and a narrow strip called the “Chicken’s Neck.” Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. Its Geographical Area is 78,438 km² and has a population over 3,11,69,272. The mighty Brahmaputra River that has its origins in Tibet follows its majestic course through this state. Assam Map

Country  India
Statehood Attained 26 January 1950
Capital Dispur
Districts 34
Governor Jagdish Mukhi
Chief MinisterDr. Himanta Biswa Sarma (BJP)
Legislature  Unicameral (126 seats)
Parliamentary constituency 14
High Court  Gauhati High Court
Total Area  78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi)
Area rank 17th in India
Total Population (2011 census) 31,205,576
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.598 (medium)
HDI rank 15th in India (2016)
Literacy  72.19% (19th in India)
Official languages  Assamese, Bodo and Bengali
State song O mor aponar dex
State motto Zoy ai axom
State Literary Society Axom Xahityo Xobha
State festival Bihu
State dance Bihu nas(Bihu dance)
State flower  Kopou phul(Foxtail Orchids)
State tree Hollong(Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)
State animal Gor (One horned rhinoceros)
State bird Deo haah (White winged wood duck)

Airports in Assam – 

  1. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport- Borjhar, Guwahati
  2. Mohanbari Airport- Dibrugarh
  3. Lilabari Airport- Lakhimpur
  4. Salonibari Airport- Tezpur
  5. Rowriah Airport- Jorhat
  6. Kumbhirgram Airport- Silchar
  7. Rupsi Airport- Kokrajhar

Also Read Assam General Knowledge MCQ

Important National Parks of Assam

NameLocationArea (km²) (approx)Year of Declaration
Kaziranga National Park(1905)Golaghat, Nagaon,  Sonitpur and Biswanath district91411 February 1974
Manas National Park(1928)Chirang and Baksa district5007 September 1990
Nameri National Park(1978)Sonitpur district20015 November 1998
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park(1890)Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district3401999
Orang National Park(1915)Darrang and Sonitpur district78.8013 April 1999
Raimona National ParkKokrajhar district4225 June, 2021
Dihing National ParkDibrugarh and Tinsukia district234.269 June, 2021

Important Dams in Assam

PagladiaPagladia26.2 m (86 ft)230 m (755 ft)Rock-fillUnder Construction
KopiliKhandong66 m (217 ft)243 m (797 ft)GravityCompleted
Umrong NalahUmrong30 m (98 ft)143 m (469 ft)GravityCompleted
SubansiriSubansiri Lower Dam116 m (381 ft)284 m (932 ft)GravityUnder Construction
Borpani RiverKarbi Langpi Dam35 m (115 ft)197 m (646 ft)GravityCompleted

Important Power Generation Plants in Assam

Sl. No.Project NameCapacity (MW)Energy SourcePlace
1Namrup Thermal Power Station (NTPS)119.5 MWGasNamrup, Dibrugarh
2Lakwa Thermal Power Station (LTPS)157.2 MWGasMaibella, Lakwa, Sivasagar
3Karbi Langpi Hydro Electric Project (KLHEP)100 MWHydroLengry, Amtereng, Boithalangso, Karbi Anglong
4Myntriang Hydro Electric Project (MSHEP)3 MWHydroLengry, Amtereng, Karbi Anglong

17 thoughts on “A brief overview about Assam”

  1. As I am a new user of this website, I want to know that is it sufficient to crack the gk portion of a any state level exam???Admin please let me know,I am waiting for you reply..

  2. ThnQ for the information.. I think some mistakes Plz cheque and correct this 1. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park(1999) – 350 sq.km.
    2. Kaziranga National Park(1908) – 430 sq.km.
    3. Manas national Park(1990) – 950 sq.km.

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